Water flush fertilizer containing azadirachtin for saline-alkali soil and application of water flush fertilizer in sea-buckthorn planting

一种盐碱地含印楝素的冲施肥及其在沙棘种植中的应用

Abstract

本发明提供一种盐碱地含印楝素的冲施肥,各组分的质量比例为:马来酸酐35-40份、柠檬酸8-16份、氮肥6-8份、生化黄腐酸12-15份、尿素铁1-3份、硫酸铵锰2-3份、氨基酸盐12-16份、印楝素2-5份、甲基戊醇3-4份、水20-25份,本发明还提供所述冲施肥的制备方法以及在沙棘种植中的应用。本发明有益效果为:提高5~7mm水稳性团粒机械稳定性到601.5-623.3克;土壤总孔隙度、土壤通气孔隙度、土壤持水量分别提高4.9-6.5%、18.8-22.4%、5.9-7.6%;土壤的pH值降至7.5-7.6,土壤碱化度降低为11.2-11.9%;沙棘移栽成活率为95.6-97.8%。
The invention provides a water flush fertilizer containing azadirachtin for saline-alkali soil. The water flush fertilizer is prepared from the following components in parts by mass: 35-40 parts of maleic anhydride, 8-16 parts of citric acid, 6-8 parts of nitrogen fertilizer, 12-15 parts of biochemical fulvic acid, 1-3 parts of urea iron, 2-3 parts of ammonium manganous sulfate, 12-16 parts of amino acid salt, 2-5 parts of azadirachtin, 3-4 parts of methyl anyl alcohol and 20-25 parts of water. The invention also provides a preparation method of the water flush fertilizer and the application of water flush fertilizer in sea-buckthorn planting. The water flush fertilizer has the beneficial effects that the 5-7mm water-stable aggregate mechanical stability is improved to the range of 601.5-623.3g, the total porosity, the aeration porosity and the water-holding capacity of the soil are improved to the range of 4.9-6.5%, the range of 18.8-22.4% and the range of 5.9-7.6, respectively, the pH value of the soil is reduced to the range of 7.5-7.6 and the degree of alkalization of the soil is reduced to the range of 11.2-11.9%, and the transplanting survival rate of the sea-buckthorn is 95.6-97.8%.

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