The invention relates to an air detection device, an air sampling device and an air sampling method. The air sampling device comprises a housing, the top and the bottom of the housing are respectively provided with pores, a VOC sensor and a particle sampling unit are arranged in the housing and the VOC sensor is provided with a heating unit. The air detection device comprises the air sampling device and a signal processing device for computing a corresponding detection result according to the sampling result. The air sampling method is realized based on the air sampling device and comprises applying heating voltage for the VOC sensor so that the VOC sensor has a detection temperature, heating the VOC sensor and simultaneously carrying out thermal convection of air currents so that air enters into the housing by the pores and is respectively collected by the VOC sensor and the particle sampling unit. The air sampling device has a small volume and a low cost and realizes sampling of air particles and VOC.